Coronavirus infection SARS-CoV-2 is a new strain not previously known to humans and was first detected in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in several visitors to a seafood market.

Chinese doctors could not identify the causative agent, and epidemiologists from the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention were sent to help. The test revealed a new strain of viral pneumonia - SARS-CoV-2. The pathogen was found to be wild animals that had been sold at the sea market.

The spread of viral pneumonia could not be controlled. In just a few weeks, the number of confirmed infections increased to 75,000 people.

The spread of coronavirus infection began during the Chinese New Year celebrations and a large tourist flow from various countries and provinces of China.

The infection is characterized by a long incubation period and a high degree of survival of the virus out of the body.

The first cases of infection began to appear in tourists visiting China a few weeks after their return home. Unfortunately, many countries have not been able to avoid a large number of infections and deaths from coronavirus infection.

In March 2020, the WHO recognized the situation with COVID-19 as critical and declared it a worldwide epidemic. Many states, including the Russian Federation, took measures to minimize the number of infected citizens. General quarantine was imposed everywhere, and measures were developed and taken to further regulate the number of cases.

In cooperation with the WHO and epidemiologists, rules of conduct were created for all citizens without exception.

Rules during a coronavirus infection:

RULE 1. Disinfect hands and surfaces.

Clean and disinfect surfaces using household detergents.

Hand hygiene is an important measure to prevent the spread of coronavirus infection. Washing with soap and water removes viruses. If not available, use antiseptics and alcohol-containing tissues.

Cleaning and regularly disinfecting surfaces removes viruses and bacteria.

RULE 2. Keep a safe distance.

Viruses are transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person by airborne droplets, so a distance of at least 1.5 meters from each other must be kept.

You should not touch the eyes as well as the mouth and nose with your hands. Coronavirus, like other respiratory diseases, is spread this way.

Wear a mask in crowded areas, or use other available protective equipment to reduce the risk of illness.

When coughing or sneezing, you should cover your mouth and nose with disposable tissues, which should be thrown away after use.

Avoiding unnecessary travel and visiting crowded places can reduce the risk of illness.

RULE 3. Lead a healthy lifestyle.

A healthy lifestyle increases your body's resistance to infection. Observe a healthy routine, including good quality sleep, consumption of foods rich in protein, vitamins and minerals, and physical activity.

RULE 4. Protection of the respiratory organs.

Among other preventive measures, the wearing of masks, which limit the spread of the virus, occupies a special place.

Medical masks to protect the respiratory organs are used:

- when visiting places of mass gathering of people, trips on public transport in the period of increased incidence of acute respiratory viral infections;

- when taking care of patients with acute respiratory viral infections;

- when communicating with persons with signs of acute respiratory viral infection;

- at risk of infection with other airborne infections.

How to wear a mask correctly.

The masks can be of different designs. They can be disposable or reusable. There are masks that last 2, 4, 6 hours. The cost of these masks varies because of the different impregnation. But you cannot wear the same mask all the time, thus you can infect yourself twice. Which side of the mask you should wear internally is not important.

To protect yourself from infection, it is extremely important to wear it correctly:

- the mask should fit well, covering your mouth and nose tightly, leaving no gaps;

- try not to touch the surfaces of the mask when you remove it, and if you do, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water or alcohol;

- a wet or damp mask should be replaced with a new, dry one;

- do not reuse a disposable mask;

- A used disposable mask should be discarded immediately.

When caring for a sick person, the mask must be removed immediately after contact with the sick person. After removing the mask, you should wash your hands immediately and thoroughly.

The mask is appropriate if you are in a crowded place, in public transport, in a store, in a pharmacy, as well as when caring for a sick person. However, physicians remind you that this single measure does not provide complete protection against the disease. In addition to wearing a mask it is necessary to observe other preventive measures.

What you should do in case of infection.

Stay home and seek immediate medical attention.

Follow physician's orders, stay in bed and drink as much liquid as possible.

Symptoms of coronavirus infection.

High body temperature, shivering, headache, weakness, nasal stuffiness, cough, difficulty breathing, muscle pain, conjunctivitis. In some cases, there may be gastrointestinal symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.

What measures you should take if someone in the family gets sick.

1. Call a doctor.

2. Allocate a sick person to a separate room in the house. If this is impossible, keep a distance of at least 1 meter from the sick person.

3 Keep contact between the patient and his family to a minimum, especially children, the elderly people and people with chronic illnesses.

4. Ventilate the room frequently.

5. Keep the place clean, washing and disinfecting surfaces as often as possible with household detergents.

6. Wash your hands with soap and water as often as possible.

7. Cover your mouth and nose with a mask or other protective equipment (headscarf, scarf, etc.) when caring for the sick person. Only one member of the family has to care for the sick person!

On behalf of our company, we wish you good health, take care of yourself and your loved ones and do not neglect the rules that are developed during the spread of infection.

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